Eliza Cook, an English authoress, born in Southwark, London, in 1817. Her father was a tradesman in narrow circumstances; and her mother dying when she was 15 years of age, her home was neither pleasant nor happy. She had early evinced a taste for literature, and now sought in intellectual pursuits relief from the hardships of her situation. In 1837 she became a contributor to the London "Weekly Despatch," and wrote for other periodicals. In 1840 a collection of her poems, under the title of "Melaia and other Poems," was published in London. In 1849 she became the editor of "Eliza Cook's Journal," a weekly publication, designed, in her own words, "to aid the gigantic struggle for intellectual elevation now going on." For several years it contained many vigorous prose articles and poems from her pen, but was discontinued in 1854 on account of her illness. Several editions of her poems have been published, and in 1864 a new volume appeared under the title of "New Echoes and other Poems." The same year she obtained a literary pension of £100.