Grant , a word constantly used in deeds of conveyance, and which once had a specific meaning, that now is almost lost. By the rules of the early common law all estates of land of which actual delivery could be made, could be transferred only "by livery (delivery) of seisin (possession);" that is, by open and actual or symbolic (a key for a house, a sward for a field, etc.) transfer of possession from the one party to the other. But there were valuable interests which could not be transferred in this way, as rents, estates in expectancy, reversions and remainders, and generally all mere rights and all incorporeal hereditaments. These could be transferred only by deeds containing the proper words of transfer. Of these, one of the principal was concedo, translated by "grant;" and all things which could be transferred only in this way were said "to lie in grant," while all of the first named class of interests and estates were said "to lie in livery." With con-cedo (grant), do (give) was always used; and these two words, " give and grant," were said to be the appropriate and peculiar words of a grant. This distinction between livery and grant was once very important; but it is now little more than a part of the obsolete learning of the law.

In all deeds of land, or of any interest in land, corporeal or incorporeal, it is customary to say " give and grant." In several of the United States the peculiar meaning and force of the word may be regarded as abrogated by statute; for all deeds of bargain and sale, of lease and release, and all conveyances of the freehold, are declared to be grants. The same broad construction is given to the word by the practice of conveyancers and of courts in other states, and it would probably be found to prevail generally for all practical purposes.