See Livery of Seisin.


Selachians (Gr.Selachians 1400331 , a cartilaginous fish), a name applied from Aristotle to the present day to the families of cartilaginous fishes with fixed branchiae, comprising the rays and sharks, also called plagiostomes. (See Plagiostomes).


See Luna.


See Gypsum.


The law requires no man to submit passively to the infliction of violence upon his person. He may always defend himself. If he is assaulted with blows, he may return blows; and if need be he may kill an assailant who attempts, or, rationally considered, seems to attempt to take his life. The principle, in all cases, is that the counter violence must be only so much as is necessary for defence. - The old rule of the law that any who was guilty of a felony deserved death, probably founded the rule that it is justifiable to kill any one who is attempting to commit a felony, such for example as murder, mayhem, or rape. This rule is generally included in the law of self-defence. A man may also justify any violence done in defence of his wife, child, or servant, and either of these persons may justify violence in behalf of husband, father, or master.


Selkirkshire, a S. county of Scotland, bordering on the counties of Edinburgh, Roxburgh, Dumfries, and Peebles; area, 260 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 14,005. The surface is generally hilly, the hills varying from a few hun-dred feet in height to about 2,300. The principal rivers are the Tweed and its tributaries, the Yarrow and Ettrick; and there are several small lakes, that of St. Mary's being the finest sheet of water in the south of Scotland. Only about one tenth of the surface is arable. - Selkirk, the capital, is on the Ettrick, 2 m. from its mouth in the Tweed, 30 m. S. S. E. of Edinburgh; pop. in 1871, 4,640. It has a fine town hall, a monument to Sir Walter Scott, whose seat of Abbotsford is 4 m. distant, and manufactures of wool. Its formerly celebrated manufacture of shoes has declined. The only other town is Galashiels.

Seltzer Water (Properly Selters)

See Mineral Springs, vol. xi., p. 594.


Semele, in Greek mythology, daughter of Cadmus, and sister of Ino, Agave, Autonoė, and Polydorus. She was beloved by Jupiter, and Juno, jealous and indignant, persuaded her to ask him that he would appear to her clothed in the attributes of his majesty. Having sworn to grant her every request she would make, and warned her in vain to desist from this, he unwillingly consented, appeared as the god of thunder, and she was consumed by the lightning; but the child with which she was pregnant was saved by Jupiter, who enclosed him in his own thigh until the period for his birth. This child was Dionysus (Bacchus).


Semendria (Serb, Smederevo), a town of Servia, on the right bank of the Danube, at the confluence of the Yesava, 25 m. E. S. E. of Belgrade; pop. about 5,000. Next to Belgrade it is the most important Servian town and fortress, and it is the see of a Greek archbishop. Good firearms are made here. Formerly it was the capital of the kings of Servia and it was often taken and retaken by the Turks and Hungarians or Austrians, ultimately remaining in possession of the Turks, who evacuated it in 1867, together with the other fortresses in Servia.