Semis (anc. Augustomagus), a town of France, in the department of Oise, near the forests of Chantilly and Ermenonville, 20 m. N. N. E. of Paris; pop. in 1872, 6,085. The old town retains its feudal walls and 16 watch towers, and remains of a castle of the time of Louis XII., as well as vestiges of the Roman fortifications and other relics; and remains of amphitheatres were discovered in 1865. The church of Notre Dame was originally a cathedral, ascribed to Charlemagne. Cotton, crinoline, and other articles are made. The town is conspicuous in the history of various French wars. A treaty was concluded here in 1493 between the future emperor Maximilian and Charles VIII. of France, which settled the Burgundian inheritance.
A Province Of Asiatic Russia, in the division of Central Asia, bounded by the governments of Tomsk and Tobolsk, the province of Akmolinsk, Russian Turkistan, and China; area, 188,298 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 510,163. It comprises part of the country of the Kirghiz, and is divided into the circles of Semipolatinsk, Karkara-linsk, Kokpekty, and Pavlodar.
A Fortified Town, capital of the province, on the Irtish, 460 m. S. W. of Tomsk; pop. in 1867, 14,135. It contains several government establishments, and carries on a considerable trade with Bokhara, Tashkend, Kashgar, and the Kirghiz.
Semlin (Slavonian, Zemun; Hun. Zimony), a town of the Hungarian kingdom, in Slavonia (formerly in the Military Frontier), at the junction of the Save with the Danube, 3 m. N. W. of Belgrade in Servia; pop. in 1870, 8,915, mostly Slavonians, Serbs, Germans, and Jews. It is the principal entrepot of the trade between Austria and Turkey. During the Hungarian and Austrian wars with the Turks its situation often gave it importance.
Sempach, a town of Switzerland, on the lake of the same name, in the canton and 10 m. N. W. of the city of Lucerne; pop. in 1870, 1,109. It is celebrated for a battle fought July 9, 1386, in which 1,300 Swiss vanquished a large Austrian army, through the heroic self-sacrifice of Arnold of Winkelried. (See Win-kelried.) The Austrian duke Leopold and 1,400 of his knights, with thousands of his foot followers, were slain. A chapel marks the site of the battle field. - See Die Quellen zur Sempacher Schlacht und die Winkelried-Sage, by Otto Kleissner (Göttingen, 1873).
Jean Baptiste, a French physician, born near Lombez, Gascony, in 1693, died in Paris, Dec. 20, 1770. He became physician to Marshal Saxe in 1745, and accompanied him through his campaigns. In 1752 he was appointed first physician to Louis XV., by whom he was subsequently made a councillor of state and superintendent general of the mineral waters of the kingdom. His principal work is a Traité de la structure du coeur (2 vols. 4to, 1748-'9; new ed., enlarged by Portal, 1774).
Gabriel Senac De Meilhan, son of the preceding, born in Paris in 1736, died in Vienna, April 5, 1803. He held various important public offices, and published several works, the best of which is Le gouvernement, les moeurs et les conditions en France avant la révolution (latest edition, with introduction and notes by H. de Lescure, Paris, 1862).