Iliyats, Or Eeliauts, a nomadic tribe of Persia, Kkiva, and Turkistan. The name Iliyat is the plural of iel (eel), a tribe, equivalent to the Arabic kabilali. The Iliyats are mostly of Turkish, Arabic, and Kurdish descent, and form an important portion of the population of Persia and adjacent countries; their actual numbers are not known, but it is said that the Iliyat tribes tributary to Khiva numbered 195,-000. They live in tents and have no settled habitations, changing their places of encampment with the season or climate. Some tribes live solely by rapine and plunder; others resort only occasionally to such means. They have large flocks and herds, which they often augment by taking those of their neighbors; they are therefore much dreaded by the settled and civilized population. The distances that some of the Iliyat tribes travel in their annual migrations are wonderful. From the southern shores of Fars, the Kashkai tribe of Iliyats arrive in spring on the grazing grounds of Ispahan, where they are met by the Bakhtiars from the northern shores of the Persian gulf. At the approach of winter both tribes return. The Iliyats are Mohammedans of the Sunni sect, but are not very strict in their religious observances, and are not ruled like the townsmen by the mollah.
In each province of Persia there are two chiefs acknowledged by all the tribes. The chief of the Kashkai tribe, which numbers more than 25,000 tents, is obliged by the government to reside at Shiraz, as a hostage for the good behavior of his clan, though otherwise free to live as he pleases.
The Iliyat women are said to be chaste, and many of the best families in Persia are of Iliyat origin. The present royal family is of the Ka-jar tribe, a Turkish iel, which came into Persia with Tamerlane. - See Mounsey's "Journey through the Caucasus and the Interior of Persia" (London, 1872), and Markhani's "History of Persia" (London, 1874).