Indigo Bird (cyanospiza cyanea, Baird), a North American finch, of a blue color, tinged with ultramarine on the head, throat, and middle of breast, and elsewhere with verdigris green; lores and angle of chin velvet black, and wing feathers brown edged with bluish brown. The length is about 5 1/2 in., and the extent of wings 7 1/2; the female is smaller, and yellowish brown with the wings darker. It is found in the eastern United States, as far west as the Missouri, and south to Guatemala; it arrives in the southern states from Mexico and Central America about the middle of April with the painted finch (C. ciris), and like this is caught in traps for sale. It prefers open places on the edges of woods; parched on the top of a high tree, it delights to sing its clear and sweetly modulated strain, consisting of eight or ten notes. Though less handsome than the painted finch, its shape is elegant and compact, and its manners very lively, so that it is in request as a cage bird. The nest is made among the rankest grass, and the eggs, four to six, are blue, with one or two purple spots on the larger end. They migrate southward in the autumn.

The food is small seeds and insects.

Indigo Bird (Cyanospiza cyanea)

Indigo Bird (Cyanospiza cyanea). - 1. Male. 2. Female.