Louis Charles Delescluze, a French revolutionist, born at Dreux, Oct. 2, 1809, killed in Paris, May 26, 1871. He early displayed activity as a journalist and political agitator, and participated in revolutionary movements and conspiracies under Louis Philippe, the republic of 1848, and the empire. He edited a number of radical journals, was frequently fined, and spent a part of his life in prison or exile. In 1858 he was transported to Cayenne for ten years, but was freed by the amnesty of the following year, when he resumed his agitation, and published De Paris a Cayenne, journal d'un transports. In 1868 he founded the Reveil newspaper. During the siege of Paris he vehemently opposed the government of national defence, and in 1871 became conspicuous as a leader of the commune of Paris. As such he evinced equal zeal and energy, and ultimately reckless fury. Despairing of success, he voluntarily sought death near the barricades of the chateau d'Eau, by the side of those whom he had encouraged in the revolt. Afterward venturing into the streets, he was struck by three balls and mortally wounded.

Important documents were found on his person.