Louis Nathaniel Rossel, a French soldier, born in St. Brieuc, department of C6tes-du-Nord, in 1844, shot at Satory, near Versailles, Nov. 28, 1871. He graduated at the school of engineers in Paris, and became first lieutenant in 1860. In 1870, while on the staff of the commander of the city of Metz, he conspired against Bazaine, who had him arrested. He fell into the hands of the Germans, but escaped and was made colonel by Gambetta, took part in the campaign of the Loire, and next organized the camp of Nevers. He resigned to join the commune, and was made chief engineer of a legion, but was arrested after the disastrous operations of April 2-3. He was released at the instance of Cluseret, who placed him at the head of his staff, and whom he succeeded on May 1 as delegate for war; but in less than ten days he tendered his resignation in a letter in which he severely criticised the commune. He was again arrested, and escaped only to be captured by the Versailles troops. After several trials he was ultimately executed despite the general sympathy expressed for him at home and abroad.

A select edition of his writings (Papiers pos-thumes) was edited by Jules Amigue (Paris, 1871; English translation, London, 1872). His biography has been written by M. E. Gers-pach (Paris, 1873).