Mandingo, a country in W. Africa, bounded N. by Kaarta, E. by Bambarra, S. by the Kong mountains, and W. by Senegambia, lying between lat. 8° and 15° K, and Ion. 8° and 12° W. Much of this region is a high table land, and contains the sources of the Senegal and the Wiger. Iron is abundant in the mountains, and gold dust is found in the rivers. The country is divided into a number of small states, each of which is nearly independent of the others. The most considerable of these states are Bambook and Kankan. - The Man-dingos are remarkable for their industry and energy. They are mostly Mohammedans. The principal trade of that part of W. Africa which lies between the equator and the great desert is in their hands. They are shrewd merchants, industrious agriculturists, and breeders of cattle, sheep, and goats. They are black in color, tall and well shaped, with regular features and woolly hair. They have been called the Hindoos of Africa. They are amiable and hospitable, imaginative, credulous, truthful, and fond of music, dancing, and poetry. They are adventurous travellers, extending their commercial journeys over the greater part of Africa. They trade chiefly in gold dust, ivory, and slaves. Polygamy is practised, and each wife has a separate hut.
Their language is the richest of the negro tongues, is widely spread, and is written in Arabic characters. The Mandingos are the most numerous race of W. Africa, and have spread themselves to a great distance from their original seat, being found all over the valleys of the Gambia, Senegal, and Niger.