Papagos, a tribe of Indians in Arizona, belonging to the Pima family, and calling themselves Papapootam. They were enemies of the Apaches and friendly to the Spaniards from an early period, and Jesuit missions were established among them; but the tyranny of the whites led to several revolts of the Papagos and other tribes. They drove the Spaniards out in 1694, but made peace soon after. On the suppression of the Jesuits the Franciscans continued their work, and the mission has lasted to the present time, the tribe being Catholic. The Mexican revolutions left the frontier exposed, and the Papagos lost heavily in war with the Apaches. They had become partly civilize?!. When Arizona was annexed to the United States, the Papagos were really Mexican citizens, but their status as such has not been recognized, and no treaty was made with them for their territory. Settlers entered it, and the very sites of their towns were open to preemption. They were industrious and friendly, cultivating their small farms and working for the settlers, whose esteem they soon gained.
After a time an agency was established for them, and was assigned to the Catholic church, which had been laboring among them since 1689. President Grant, by executive order of July 1, 1874, set apart a reservation of 70,400 acres for them, on the river Santa Cruz, between Tucson and Tubac, but their individual rights are not recognized. They have made peace with the Apaches, and in 1874 numbered 5,000 in 800 houses, had 89 children at school under Sisters of St. Joseph, and possessed 200 horses and 500 cattle.