Antoine Galland, a French antiquary and linguist, born near Montdidier, in Picardy, April 4,1646, died in Paris. Feb. 17, 1715. He became attached to the French embassy at Constantinople in 1670, visited Jerusalem, and copied there a great number of inscriptions, several of which Montfaucon published in his Paloeographia Groeca. Returning to France in 1675, he made two voyages to the Levant to collect medals, coins, etc. He was afterward appointed antiquary to the king. In 1709 he became professor of Arabic in the royal college of France. His works are very numerous, but the most popular of them all is his translation into French of the "Tales of the Thousand and One Nights" (12 vols., Paris, 1704-'17; best ed. by Caussin de Perceval, 9 vols. 18mo), the famous "Arabian Nights' Entertainments," which he introduced to the knowledge of Europe. For some time they were thought to be inventions of his own.