Gallas, an African race, generally classed with the Ethiopic division of the Semitic family, inhabiting portions of Abyssinia and the regions S. of it to the equator. Their skin varies between light and dark brown; their hair is somewhat frizzled, but without being woolly; their faces are round, their eyes small, and their figures tall and broad. Many of them consider themselves Mohammedans, but have no well defined conception of the faith they profess. Some have been converted to Christianity, and the Roman Catholic church maintains among them a mission headed by a vicar apostolic. Those who have remained pagans make pilgrimages to sacred trees on the banks of the Hawash, on the S. E. boundary of Shoa, and elsewhere, but believe in a future state of reward and punishment. The Abyssinians narrate that this race descended from an Abyssinian princess who was given in marriage to a slave, and had seven sons who became founders of tribes. They first appear in history as invaders of Abyssinia, where they succeeded in establishing a permanent settlement. They are classed with the Semitic family on account of their language, though its Semitic character is not quite clearly defined. Whether they possess a graphic system has not been decided to a certainty.

D'Abbadie sent a letter to Paris which he supposed to be written in Galla characters, but it has not been deciphered. Krapf has published an outline of the Galla language (London, 1842), in which he maintains that it does not contain a sound which cannot be expressed in English letters, even better than in Ethiopian. This assertion seems however doubtful, and Karl Tutschek has found it needful in his Dictionary of the Galla Language" (Munich, 1844) to use several signs not found in our alphabet. The Gallas have, for instance, an entirely unaspirated t which is nevertheless intermediate between t and d, and also a p and an l so peculiar that the English can hardly pronounce them.-See Brenner's description and map in Petermann's Geographische Mittheilungen (Gotha, 1868).