Falkirk, a municipal and parliamentary burgh of Stirlingshire, Scotland, on a commanding eminence, 24 m. W. of Edinburgh; pop. in 1871, 9,547. Its name, Fallow Kirk, is a translation of the obsolete English breck, both signifying speckled church. It has a fine parish church, several churches of dissenting congregations, a school of art, and a horticultural society. There are in Falkirk, and in the connected villages of Grahamston, Bains-ford, and Carron, printing establishments, tanneries, breweries, a manufactory of pyrolig-neous acid, the immense iron works of Carron, a foundery employing 500 men, and branches of the banks of Scotland and England. Its chief celebrity is due to its cattle fairs, the most important in Scotland, which take place annually in August, September, and October, each lasting from two days to a week. The last is the largest. These trysts, as the Scots call the fairs, have flourished more than 200 years. Falkirk was a place of note in the 11th century. The ancient parish church, built by Malcolm Canmore in 1057, was demolished in 1810 to give place to the present one.
Here Edward I. in 1298 conquered William Wallace, and in 1746 the young pretender, Charles Edward, defeated the English army under Gen. Hawley.