Ferdinand I., emperor of Austria and king of Hungary and Bohemia (as such Ferdinand V.), born April 19, 1793. His father was Francis I. (II.), who in 1806 resigned the title of emperor of Germany, having already assumed that of hereditary emperor of Austria. Ferdinand was crowned as future king of Hungary in 1830, in 1835 succeeded his father, and in 1836 was crowned in Bohemia. His character was weak, and he was a mere tool in the hands of his minister, Prince Metternich. Disheartened by the troubles of 1848, he resigned the crown in favor of his nephew Francis Joseph (Dec. 2), and took up his residence at Prague.