Fichtelgebirge (Pine mountains), a chain of mountain's in Bavaria, province of Upper Franconia, between the Bohemian Forest and the Franconian Jura, covered with forests of firs and pines. By reason of its position in the centre of Germany this chain is regarded as the nucleus of all the Germanic mountains, though it does not surpass the neighboring chains in elevation. It separates the affluents of the North and Black seas, the river Naab descending from it on the south, the Saale on the north, the Eger on the east, and the Main on the west. It extends in length 30 m. N. E. from Baireuth to the Bohemian frontier, and its two loftiest summits are the Schneeberg (Snow mountain) and the Ochsenkopf (Ox Head), respectively 3,484 and 3.366 ft. high. The Fich-telgebirge possess a robust and laborious population. The upper part of the mountains yields oats and wood in abundance, and the lower parts produce rye, barley, flax, pulse, and a little wheat; but the chief industry of the inhabitants is in working the numerous mines of iron, vitriol, sulphur, lead, copper, and marble.
The mountains are densely populated and traversed by good roads, and in the northwest by the Saxon-Bavarian railway.