Ghizeh Gizeh, or Jizeh, a town of Egypt, capital of a province of the same name, on the W. bank of the Nile, 3 m. S. W. of Cairo. It was once a large city, but is now a petty village surrounded by heaps of ruins. The khe-dive has a palace there. About 5 m. from the village stand the three great pyramids called those of Cheops, Cephren, and Mycerinus. At Gizeh are ovens in which eggs have been hatched artificially ever since the days of the Pharaohs. (See Pyramids.)