James Gardiner, a Scottish soldier, born at Carriden, Linlithgowshire, Jan, 11, 1688, killed Sept. 21, 1745. At the age of 14 he obtained a commission in the Dutch service. He afterward entered the English army, and was present at the battle of Ramillies. In 1730 he was made lieutenant colonel, and in 1745 commanded a regiment at the battle of Preston-pans, where he was slain. His death is described in Scott's "Waverley." In his youth he led a dissipated and reckless life, but was, as he believed, converted through a supernatural vision, and became an exemplar of Christian piety and worth. His life was written by Dr. Doddridge.