West Flanders, a province of Belgium, bounded N. W. by the North sea, S. W. and S. by France, and E. by the provinces of Hainaut and East Flanders, and Holland; area, 1,249 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 668,976. Besides the Lys and the Scheldt, by which it is watered on the southeast, it has only small streams emptying into the sea. Its surface is generally flat; and although most of its soil is sandy and poor, it has been so much improved that it yields abundant crops of wheat, oleaginous plants, flax, and tobacco. Cattle and horses are abundant. The manufacture of linen and damask is the principal industry. Capital, Bruges; other chief towns, Ostend, Furnes, Ypres, Courtrai, and Dixmude.