This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Cardinal. A member of the Sacred College, a body of Roman Catholic ecclesiastics who rank in dignity next to the Pope and act as his counselors in the government of the church. About the middle of the 18th century these cardinal priests wore a short cloak of deep scarlet to distinguish their office, hence arose the color now known as cardinal red; at present, however a rich, deep-red color, somewhat less vivid than scarlet.