This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Cashmere (Kash'-Mere). [Also written cachemere (and with altered form and sense cassimere and kersymere); so-called because first made in Cashmere, or Kashmir, the native name of a state and valley in the Himalaya mountains north of Panjab, India; also the name of a fine-wooled goat or this same region]. An all-wool fabric used for ladies' dresses, originally made from the fine downy wool of the cashmere goat, but since 1824 has been manufactured both in England and America of soft, prime native wool. It differs from merino in being twilled on one side only, and from henrietta in being finished with a more subdued luster.