Cordage And Twines. Cordage is a general term for all kinds of hemp rope, from cables 12 inches in circumference to common quarter-inch clothes line. Ropes were among the earlier necessities of man, and have been known in all ages, among all people. There is probably no fibre known but what man at some time has utilized in the manufacture of ropes. Of all these raw materials the one best adapted for making cordage, on account of its cheapness as well as wearing properties, is hemp. A good hemp rope is hard but pliant, yellowish or greenish gray in color with a certain pearly luster. A dark or blackish color indicates that the hemp has suffered from fermentation in the process of curing, and brown spots show that the rope was spun while these fibers were damp, and is consequently soft and weak in those places. Cordage is numbered by inches and fractions of inches of diameter. Twine, which is commonly known as a strong cord or string, is usually numbered as follows : Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4 flax ball twines, suitable for hardware merchants and manufacturers, express companies, etc.; Nos. 5, 6, 7, 8, fine flax, grey and colored twine for stationers, and Nos. 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, red, blue and other colors for druggists, etc.; Nos. 14, 16, 17 bleached flax twine for fancy goods, cutlery, etc.; Nos. 15 and 18 jute and cotton twines for grocers, dry goods stores, etc. There are about $8,000,000 worth of flax and hemp twines made in this country every year, not the big sorts, such as ropes and cables, but just the numbers one to eighteen, lumped under the broad head of twines. Besides these there is a large quantity of cotton string made, and here and there still a few paper ones, though the latter - invented when cotton was high-priced in the North during the war, and then quite common - are now seldom seen There are but 8 twine factories in the United States : 2 in New Jersey, 3 in northern New York, 2 in Massachusetts, and 1 (the largest) in New York City. The latter employs 800 hands and turns 14,000 pounds per day of finished twines and shoe thread, ranging in price from 14 cents to $1.50 per pound. In addition to these eight factories, there are scattered through the Eastern states a few small establishments, but there are none, large or small, in the West or South. [See Flax, Linen, Hemp]