Gauze. [Said to have been named after the place of its origin, Gaza, in Palestine, a city known from ancient days as an important cloth weaving center]. A very thin, transparent fabric made of silk, silk and cotton, or silk and linen. It is either plain, or brocaded in patterns with silk. Although gauzes are occasionally made of thread, the name has always in times past signified a silk fabric. Common gauze is formed by the warp being twisted somewhat like a rope during the operation of weaving, by which the structure of the cloth acquires a resemblence to lace. The texture is always open, flimsy and transparent, but from the turning of the warp it possesses an uncommon degree of strength and tenacity in proportion to the quantity of material which it contains. Gauze is dressed or "sized" while held in a stretched condition, the dressing being dexterously and uniformly applied by a series of spraying nozzles, actuated by steam or air jets. The process of drying is carried on in chambers heated to a proper temperature by steam pipes; the final operation consisting in passing the fabric along a network of tapes to the winding of folding apparatus. [See Empress Gauze, Gossamer]