Lisle Thread (Lile Thred). An extremely fine and hard-twisted thread first made in the north of France, near the city of Lisle (formerly L'Isle, the island) which place probably originated and named it. It was formerly linen but is now spun from cotton. It is used especially for the knitting of gloves, hose, and underwear. The thread - or yarn - is made of superior cotton, treated in a peculiar manner. It is a well known fact that cotton fiber possesses a waxy surface which, if not destroyed by the numerous manipulations in manufacture, gives a brilliant appearance to the fabric when knitted up. Carding of cotton impairs and prevents this effect, but combing conserves it. Carding leaves the fibers in jumble and criss-cross, while combing lays them straight, side by side. The latter process secures a stronger yarn and a more glossy one. The spinning of lisle thread is also done under moisture, thus forming a compact and solid yarn, with a surface capable of exhibiting the colors applied to it with a brilliancy unequalled by a softer yarn. The yarn is spun exceedingly fine, and tightly twisted, afterward being " singed " to remove the minute particles of nap or fuzz. The yarn for the manufacture of lisle fabrics bears the same relation to cotton yarn, that worsted does to woolen yarn. [See Worsted]