This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Looped Cord Fabric. A method of weaving in which the weft threads are composed of spiral or looped cords. The cords resemble chenille, the difference being that the loops are tied at close intervals to a straight string of cotton or worsted yarn, which makes them immovable and lasting. The looped cords are made of any size desired, from 1/8 to 1/2 inch in diameter, and of any color or sort of material. The product when made from a single cord is alike in appearance on both sides, but if made with a double cord (double woven), the two sides are of different colors. This fabric is used as a material for blankets, bed covers, carriage and lap robes, shawls, etc. Looped cord fabrics are sometimes finished in such a manner as to imitate very closely the skins of bears, buffaloes, foxes and other animals. In the process of making the material, the loops which constitute the pile are formed in different lengths. After the weaving of the fabric, the loops are drawn out by a revolving wire brush, and the process finishes the ends so as to make them finer at the points than at the roots. The pile is formed of different lengths, consequently the resulting " fur " is thicker at the bottom than at the outside, and in this manner and by properly dyeing can be made to resemble any sort of real fur that it is desired to imitate. These fabrics are intended for carriage rugs, door mats, and robes.