Et (And). The figure "&" is sometimes called amperzand. It really stands for the Latin word et, and arose, perhaps, from the habit of the old manuscript writers of writing "et" in one stroke, beginning at the bottom of the t, and after forming an upright stroke, returning to make the e in like manner from below upwards, finishing by crossing the stroke of the t before taking the pen from the paper. The upstroke of the t then was omitted in quick writing, till at last the word et came to be written " &."