Marquis. A marquis (marchio), is the next degree of nobility. His office, formerly, was to guard the frontiers and limits of the kingdom, which was called the marches, from the Teutonic word marche, a limit; as in particular were the marches of Wales and i, before those countries were annexed to Britain. The persons who guarded the frontiers were (ailed Lords Marches, or Marquises; their authority was abolished by statute in the time of Henry VIII. as no longer necessary. Ruins on the borderlands still attest the power and extent of those strongholds, where lords of the marches presided in nearly regal splendour.

ii is Ludlow Castle, on the borders of Wales, amid scenes of sylvan beauty, where Milton wrote his "Comus," and among whose fields and woods he laid the scene of that inimitable poem. The first English marquisate was conferred by King Richard II., in 1386, upon Robert de Vere, afterwards created Duke of Ireland; the second creation occurs in the same reign; after which, the dignity remained dormant till the reign of Edward VI., but thenceforward it became a regular and common grade of nobility. His official address is "Our right trusty and entirely-beloved Cousin." He also hears the title, on some occasions, of " Puissant Prince." His sons are Right Honourables, and Lords; his da fitters Right Honourables, and Ladies. The style of a Marquis is "Most Honourable." If addressed by letter, the direction should be as follows: - " To the Most Honourable the Marquis of - ."

(For a marquis' coronet, see p. 1 1

Marquis. A peer, in rank between an earl and a duke, and wearing a coronet on state oceasions as beneath.

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