Bassoon. A wind instrument, consisting of a perforated tube and a reed through which it is blown. The compass of the bassoon only comprehends three octaves.


Serpent. A bass wind instrument, taking its name from its curvilinear form, and consisting of several twists, which are usually covered with leather. It has three distinct parts - a mouth-piece J neck and tail ; and six circular apertures for the modulation of its notes.

Aeouan Harp

Aeouan Harp. A truly natural wind instrument, which derives its name from Aeolus, the god of winds. Its construction is extremely simple, and generally consisting of a light hollow box about two inches deep, four broad, and from two to three feet long, along which are extended five or six catgut strings, made tight by bridges near each end of the box, and fixed in its end on pins. The instrument thus constructed and placed in a proper situation in the bottom of a window to receive a current of air across its strings, produces, in the tremulous motion given to the strings by the wind, a most delicate, soft, murmuring and pleasing combination of sounds, neither directly resembling those of a stringed nor of a wind instrument, but partaking of the nature of both.


Violin. A well-known stringed instrument, used on almost every occasion where music is introduced. During the puritanical reign of Cromwell the use of violins was superseded by that of the viol, a rude instrument, with six strings; but after the Restoration violins again became fashionable, and the viol was doomed to lasting oblivion. Cremona, in Italy, was once famous for the manufacture of violins. Stradnanus was the most celebrated maker. The antiquity of the violin has long been a subject of dispute with the learned, as it is generally supposed, and with much reason, that no instrument played with a bow was known to the ancients.

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