Guitar. Derived from the Spanish guitaria, which is from the Latin bithara, a kind of lute; it is a six-stringed instrument, with an oval body, and a neck like a violin, or fiddle, the strings passing from the head to the lower end over a soundiug-hole and bridge. Such is the general and passionate attachment to this instrument in the south of Spain, particularly Valencia, that the labourers, carters, and even travellers, will solace themselves in the evening, till a late hour, strumming the guitar and singing. Formerly it was used even by gentlemen to senerade their mistresses. The American "banjo" is merely a primitive kind of guitar.


Flute. A general name for several kinds of cylindrical wind instruments of different lengths and diameters. The common or English flute is about eighteen inches in length and one in diameter, with eight holes and a beaked mouth-piece, which is blown at the end. The flageolet is a small kind of this flute. The German flute is much larger, consists of several moveable joints, and is furnished with keys.

Cymbal, Or Cymbalum

Cymbal, Or Cymbalum. An ancient kind of round brass instrument, the nature and powers of which are not now known.

Cruth, Or Growth

Cruth, Or Growth. An old Welsh instrument resembling a fiddle.


Triangle. A steel instrument, so called from its consisting of three bars of polished steel united so as to form a triangle, which is performed upon by a steel rod.