Red

Cochineal syrup, prepared as follows:

I

Cochineal in coarse powder.......... 6 parts

Potassium carbonate.............. 3 parts

Distilled water..... 15 parts

Alcohol, 95 per cent............ 12 parts

Simple syrup to make 500 parts. Rub the cochineal and potassium together, adding the water and alcohol little by little, under constant trituration. Let stand overnight, add the syrup, and filter.

II

Carmine, in fine powder.......... 1 part

Stronger ammonia water........... 4 parts

Distilled water to make 24 parts.

Rub up the carmine and ammonia and to the solution add the water, little by little, under constant trituration. If in standing this shows a tendency to separate, a drop or two of ammonia will correct the trouble.

Besides these there is caramel, which, of course, you know.

Pink

III

Carmine...........     1 part

Liquor potassę. ...     6 parts

Distilled water.....   40 parts

Mix. If the color is too high, dilute with distilled water until the requisite color is obtained.