I

Cream of tartar..... 3 ounces

Oxalic acid........ 1 ounce

Alum............. 1 ounce

Milk.............. 3 pints

Mix and rub on the shoes. When they are thoroughly dry, rub them with a mixture of prepared chalk and magnesium carbonate.

II

Water............ 136 parts

Fine pipe clay..... 454 parts

Shellac, bleached. . 136 parts Borax, powdered . . 68 parts

Soft soap......... 8 parts

Ultramarine blue. . 5 parts Boil the shellac in the water, adding the borax, and keeping up the boiling until a perfect solution is obtained, then stir in the soap (5 or 6 parts of "ivory" soap, shaved up, and melted with 2 or 3 parts of water, is better than common soft soap), pipe clay, and ultramarine. Finally strain through a hair-cloth sieve. This preparation, it is said, leaves absolutely nothing to be desired. A good deal of stiffness may be imparted to the leather by it. The addition of a little glycerine would remedy this. The old application should be wiped away before a new one is put on. This preparation is suitable for military shoes, gloves, belts, and uniforms requiring a white dressing.