[Heb. aleph, an ox.] . The largest and most powerful of four-footed animals. It is clumsy and thick-skinned, but has a lithe and agile trunk. Some elephants have been found 12 feet high and over five tons in weight. They can carry great burdens at a ate of two or three miles an hour. Their legs are massive, but they can kneel and rise easily, and can use their fore feet as hands in holding down branches while the leaves are being stripped off by their trunks. The feet of the elephant are divided into toes, though externally gathered into a round cushion mass, protected by flattish nails. Compared with its body, its head is small, and the skull contains many hollow spaces, which lessen its weight. It has pendulous ears, gigantic tusks in the male, and a trunk which can reach 8 or 10 feet. The tusks, which are the incisor teeth of the upper jaw, are weapons of defence or forks to dig up roots. The eye is small but brilliant, and its inability to look backward or upward is made up for by great acuteness of hearing. The trunk, which is the nose lengthened out, is of a tapering form, and is composed of thousands of minute muscles, which give it great power in feeling and grasping, or in pumping up or ejecting water. The trunk conveys the food to the mouth or draws up water which is thrown over the back. The elephant is herbivorous, and feeds on grass, young shoots, and roots ; it is found in Central and Southern Africa, and in India. Elephants are captured by enclosing them in palisades of timber. They are intelligent and sagacious, and can be trained to do many kinds of work and many feats. The African elephant has great flapping ears, and is more fierce than that of Asia. Its tusks yield fine ivory, which is very valuable. The Asiatic elephant is smaller than the African. The tamed elephants in menageries are of the Asiatic kind.

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