[L. juniperus.] A hardy evergreen tree or shrub, with dark-purple berries, which have a strong and peculiar flavor, and are much used for flavoring gin. The common juniper is found in Europe, the north of Asia, and the northern parts of North America. It attains no great height, being in general only a shrub from 2 to 6 feet high, but in favorable circumstances it becomes a tree from 15 to 30 feet in height. The fruit takes two years to ripen. Virginian juniper, or the red cedar of North America, attains a height of from 30 to 50 feet; and the wood, which is of a beautiful red color, is highly prized by turners, and is also largely used for cigar-boxes and lead pencils.