[Fr., from L. laqueus, a noose.] A fabric formed of threads of cotton, wool, flax, silk, silver, or gold, used chiefly for ornamenting dresses. Lace is made either by hand or machine. To that made by the hand the term real lace is sometimes applied, and also pillow or bobbin lace, from being woven upon a pillow or cushion by means of bobbins. Much of the lace now used is made by machinery, the machines at present in use being modifications and improvements on the bobbinet machine invented by Mr. Heathcote of Tiverton in 1809. Nottingham in England, and Alencon, Brussels, Mechlin, and Valenciennes are centres of this industry.