[Fr., from L. per, through; and fumare, from fumus, smoke.] Scents made from sweet-smelling substances. They are obtained chiefly from plants, but some are got from animals. Vegetable perfumes are made from flowers, herbs, spices, seeds, gums, certain fruits and nuts, and various woods. Perfumes of animal origin are obtained from the musk, ambergris, civet, and castor. Dry perfumes, such as incense and sachet powders, are simply gums, resins, dried herbs, etc., pounded or ground to powder. Liquid perfumes are mostly distilled from the different parts of plants. Such perfumes are called essential oils. But the perfumes made from flowers, such as are used on the handkerchief, are mostly made, not by distillation, but by maceration and absorption.