A malignant contagious fever, which attacks cattle and other ruminants. It came originally from Asia, and has very often appeared in Russia, from which it made its way over Europe, probably as early as the 4th century. There have been various outbreaks of it, causing great destruction of cattle. From 1865 to 1870 it caused great mortality, 130,000 cattle dying in France alone in 1870. In 1896 a serious epidemic broke out in Africa, extending from Abyssinia to South Africa, and decimating the domestic herds, while destroying great numbevs of wild animals, especially antelopes. No cure is known for this disease, and the only safety is to kill and bury all infected animals.