[AS.] A kind of grain, and the hardiest of the cereals cultivated in the British Isles. It looks like wheat, but its ears are bearded like those of barley, but not quite so long. The grain is brown, and coarser than wheat. It will grow on poor sandy soils, and is able to bear a severe climate. Rye is sown in autumn. The "black bread" eaten by the peasantry of Russia and North Germany, and the rye-cakes of Sweden, are made from the rye which is very extensively grown on the sandy plains of those countries. Much whiskey is made from rye in the United States, and it is used with barley for making gin in Holland. Rye-straw is tough, and is not good for cattle, but is used for hats, stuffing beds, or thatching.