[AS.] A covering for the foot, usually of leather. Fine shoes are made by the hand and shaped on a last, or are made by machinery.

ANCIENT SHOES OR SANDALS.

ANCIENT SHOES OR SANDALS.

Shoes are largely made by machinery in the Eastern States of America, New York, and Philadelphia. Wooden shoes, much used by the peasantry of Europe, are cheap, durable, and comfortable, though clumsy. Shoes made of vulcanized rubber, as a protection against dampness, are much worn as over-shoes.