A widely cultivated perennial plant, having a red, small berry, with delicious taste. In cultivation its runners spread along the ground. The flowers have five petals, and are mostly white, seated on a convex receptacle, which enlarges in the fruiting season, and becomes pulpy and edible; so that what is popularly called the fruit is only the end of the flower stem greatly altered, and bearing the real fruit in the ripened ovaries over its surface, or sunk in the succulent mass. There are many varieties. Fragaria vesca is the European kind, and Fra-garia Virginica the American. The fruit has been enormously increased in size by cultivation.