Hen-Mould-Soil, in agriculture, a term used in some parts of England to denote the black, moul-dering, hollow, spongy earth, which is usually found at the bottoms of hills. It is better calculated for grazing, than for the culture of grain ; because it does not adhere sufficiently close to the com to keep the stalks firm, while growing ; or, if it appear to thrive, the growth is generally coarse, and yields abundance of straw, but little in the ear. This soil possesses too much moisture, arising from a bed of stiff clay, which prevents the discharge of the water into the lower strata, so that the crop becomes uncommonly rank.

In other parts of Britain, the appellation of lien-mould is given to a black, compact earth, streaked with white mould. This soil is very rich and fertile, producing the fittest wheat.