Liniment; in Pharmacy, a composition, the consistence of which is of an intermediate nature, between unguents and oils: it is employed for anointing different parts of, the body.- The common preparations of this kind are :
1. The simple liniment; which consists of four parts of olive-oil, and one part of white wax : the, whole is gradually incorporated, till it acquire a due consistence. It is chiefly, used for softening the skin, and healing chaps; for which purpose, however, honeyr-water, in general, is more efficacious.
2. The liniment of ammonia; which is prepared by simply shaking equal proportions of the water of ammonia and olive-oil in a phial, till the whole is thoroughly mixed. This compound is of great service in inflammatory quinsies ; for a piece of flannel, moistened with it, and applied to the throat every third or fourth hour, frequently carries off, or at-least diminishes, the violence of the inflammation.
3. Lime-water Liniment; which consists of equal parts of lime-water and linseed-oil, properly incorporated. It is very useful in scalds or burns, and if timely applied, effectually prevents the inflammation which generally takes place in such. cases.
4. The anodyne liniment, or balsam; is prepared by digesting one dram of opium, and half an ounce of Castile soap in four ounces of rectified spirit of wine, for the space of three days ; then adding two drams of camphor, and half a dram of distilled oil of rosemary : the vess -1 should be agitated, that the various ingredients may be properly mixed.- This composition is frequently employed with success, for mitigating the pains arising from sprained limbs, and similar local affections.