Rosemary, or Rosmarinus officinalis, L. an exotic plant, consisting of two varieties

1. The angustifolio, or Narrow-leaved Rosemary; and,

2. The lalifolia, or Broad-leaved Rosemary.

Both these species are natives of the warmer climates of Europe, where they flourish on dry rocky soils, contiguous to the sea; and are also cultivated, on account of their medicinal properties, in the gardens of Britain ; the climate of which they endure, provided they be planted on poor, dry, and gravelly lauds.—They may be propagated either by cuttings, or by slips.

Rosemary possesses a fragrant odour, together with a pungent and somewhat bitter taste, resembling that of lavender. The leaves and young tops are the strongest; and from both, as well as the flowers, an essential oil is prepared; or, when distilled with spirit of wine, they afford the celebrated Hungary water. These liquid medicines are esteemed excellent cephalics in nervous and hysterical affections; and have been found eminently serviceable in apoplexies, palsies, and vertigoes; in which cases they

R0T they are sparingly applied to the temples and forehead. According to some writers, they also afford considerable relief to persons troubled with a fetid breath, when employed in gargarisms and dentri-fices, diluted with old or long kept spirit of scurvy-grass; while they are supposed to improve the organs of sight.