Chaffinch, or Fringilla cae-lebs, L. a small beautiful bird, abounding in Britain, and in various parts of Europe: it is chiefly valued for the variety and melody of its song.

Chaffinches construct their nests in hedges and trees ; where the female lays four or five dusky white eggs, spotted with deep purple ; and produces three broods within a year. - They are hardy birds, and will subsist on various seeds, but prefer chaff, whence they derive their name. These creatures, though seldom attacked with disease, are apt to be infested with lice, unless sprinkled with wine, every fortnight or oftener. - The Essex finches are generally allowed to be the best sort, both for the continuance and diversity of their notes.