Cascarilla, is the bark of the Croton eleutheria, L. a native of the East Indies, whence it is imported in the form of curled pieces, or rolled up into short quills, about an inch in width; nally resembling the Peruvian bark.
Divested of its whitish upper rind, the Cascarilla possesses an agreeable smell, and a bitterish, pungent, aromatic taste. This inflammable drug, when burning, emits a fragrant odour, not unlike that of musk; on account of which property it is often employed in fumigations, or as an ingredient in tobacco, with the fanciful view of purifying a corrupted atmosphere.
on the Continent, the cascarilla is frequently and successfully administered in intermittent fevers, even as a substitute for the Peruvian bark ; being less liable to produce the inconveniencies which the latter is apt to occasion by its as-stringency. The former drug, according to medical -writers, has also been prescribed with uncommon advantage in dangerous epidemic and petechial fever, . in flatulent colics, internal hemorrhages, dysenteries, diarrhoeas, and similar disorders. - The virtue of theCascarilla are partially extracted by water, and totally by rectified spi-rit; though it operates most effec-tually when given in powder ; the doses being regulated, according to circumstances, from ten to 30 grains, every four, six, or eight hours.