Rush, or Juncus, L. a genus of plants, comprising 36 species, of which, according to Dr. Withering 17, but in the opinion of Dr. Smith 19, are indigenous : of these, the following are the principal; viz.
1. The squarrosus. See Moss-Rush.
2. The conglomeratus, Round Headed, Or Cluster-Flowered
Rush, grows in moist meadows and heaths, where it flowers in the month of July or August. It is employed by the lower classes to form rush-lights, for which purpose it is peeled in autumn on three sides, and dipped in melted tallow. The soil producing this plant, generally contains a stratum Of peat.
3. The effusus, Common or Soft Rush, or Seaves, thrives in wet meadows and pastures; flowers from June to August. - It is eaten by horses and goats ; is also used for rush-lights, like the preceding species ; and sometimes manufactured into slight baskets. - The common rush is cut about Midsummer, in the vicinity of Farn-ham, and dried in the same manner as hay ; after which it is formed into a kind of mow, and sheltered till the succeeding spring, when, on account of its toughness, it is usefully employed for bands, or ties, in fastening hops to the poles. - In a fresh state, it is farther converted into brooms, or besoms, for blacksmiths, and other artisans working in metals.
All the species of Rush grow in wet situations, and have therefore been sown on the banks of canals, in order to consolidate the earth. But, as they frequently abound on lands, that would otherwise be productive, different means have been adopted, with a view to extirpate them. This purpose has been attained by ploughing one furrow, and harrowing in a considerable quantity of dung; after which a crop of oats is taken. Another method consists in pulling them out by the roots in July, and exposing them for two or three weeks, till tolerably dry. They are then gradually burnt, and their ashes spread on the land, thus affording an excellent manure. - But, in order to prevent their future growth, the ground ought to be drained ; and, if any rashes appear, they must be annually eradicated, and the soil properly rolled.