MOORE

1260

MORAVIANS

Description images/pp0143 1

THOMAS MOORE

.70,000 men was marching against him, he began a retreat with his army of 25,000 men. They marched for nearly 250 miles through a mountainous country, almost impassable from snow and rain, and while embarking on their ships at Corunna were attacked by the French troops under Soult. The French were defeated with the loss of 2,000 men, but the brave leader was struck by a cannon-ball and died in the moment of victory, and was buried at night just before the troops embarked for England. The story is preserved in the well-known lines of the Rev. Charles Wolfe (q. v.) on the burial of Sir John Moore. See the Life by Moore and Peninsular War by Napier.

Moore, Thomas, an Irish poet, was born at Dublin, May 28, 1779. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and in 1779 went to London, bringing out in 1800 a translation of A nacreon, which, with his musical talent, opened to him the best society. His Poetical Works of Thomas Little (a pseudonym of Moore's) followed. In 1803 he was given an official position at Bermuda, which he visited, and appointed a deputy to his office, traveling afterwards in the United States and Canada. In 1807 he began to write words for Irish national airs. These Irish Melodies, continued at intervals and completed in 1834, stand as the best product of Moore's poetic genius and have endeared his name to all Irishmen. His Song of the Canadian Boatmen: "Row, brothers, row, the stream runs fast; the rapids are near and the daylight's past," is a lyric that sings itself. In 1817 Lalla Rookh appeared, and the whole English world applauded. He received $15,000 for the latter, and the Irish Melodies brought him $2,000 a year; but his deputy in Ber--muda embezzled $30,000, of which sum he was obliged to pay $5,000, and in 1809 he departed for Italy to avoid arrest for the debt. He returned to England in 1822, spending the last thirty years of his life at Sloperton cottage in Wiltshire. His later works were a History of Ireland and lives of Sheridan, Byron and Fitzgerald. He received a pension of $1,500 in 1835. His death occurred on Feb. 25, 1852. See Memoirs, Journal and Correspondence, by Earl Russell.

Moors, people living in Barbary, in northern Africa. Among them flourished the Christian church of Africa for three centuries, with Tertullian and Augustine as its leaders. The country was overrun by the Vandals from Spain in 429, and reconquered by the

Byzantine emperors in 533. In 647 the Arabs subdued it, and the Moors became Mohammedans and have remained such ever since. With the exception of Tripoli and Morocco, these countries now belong to France. The Moors have always been a mixed race. In history the name is given especially to the Arab conquerors of Spain from 711 to 1492. For a short time one caliph ruled from Bagdad to the Atlantic. The Moors were finally driven from Spain in the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella (1492). They were far ahead of the people of northern Europe in architecture, literature, science and agriculture; but after the 12th century they fell behind the Christian nations, who were developing rapidly, and their own divisions hastened their overthrow. See Moors in Spain by Stanley Lane-Poole. Moose. See Elk.

Moose'head Lake is in Maine, and is the source of the Kennebec. It is the largest lake in Maine, 35 miles long and from 3 to 12 wide. Spencer Mountain, 4,000 feet in height, is on the eastern shore. There is fine game in the region, especially deer and caribou, which, with the attractive scenery, makes it a popular resort.

Mo'qui, Moki or Hopi Indians are a North American Pueblo tribe, settled on the plateaus or mesas of Arizona. They are more industrious than the Indians of the plains; and are skilled in carving, basket-work and pottery as well as agriculture. Their rites and ceremonies, especially the rattlesnake-dance in whioh live snakes are held in the mouth have attracted great interest. The tribe is believed to be very ancient ; for mummies, the ruins of huts and ancient weapons, which have been discovered upon the mesas, are thought to be the work of the ancestors of the Moqui.

Moran (mo-răn'), Thomas, an American artist, was born at Bolton, in Lancashire, England, Jan, 12, 1837. His early life was spent at Philadelphia, where he learned engraving, studying painting afterward in England, France and Italy. His large paintings, the Grand Canon of the Yellowstone (7 by 12 feet in size) and the Chasm, of the Colorado were bought by congress for $20,-000. These were the first landscapes ever purchased by the government. ' His other works are mostly of the same class, Balboa discovering the Pacific, Hiawatha and the Serpents and The Wilds of Lake Superior being examples of his paintings. In 1872 he removed to New York City, his home being at East Hampton, Long Island. In 1884 he was elected a member of the National Academy.

Mora'vians, Protestants formed from among the followers of John Huss, are the modern representatives of the ancient Bohemian church. They are also called the church of the United Brethren. Their church was formed after the model of the