MORGAN                                                   1262                                                      MORLEY

had him tried. The evidence against him was insufficient, but he was exiled and came to America in 1804. In 1813, while with the emperor of Russia and the king of Prussia in their march on Dresden, he was struck by a cannon-ball, and died at Laun in Bohemia, Sept. 2, 1813. See Memoirs by Philippart.

Morgan, John Hunt, a Confederate general, was born at Huntsville, Ala., in 1826. In the Civil War he took the Confederate side; was a bold and successful raider; and his troops were the terror of the border regions and known as Morgan's Guerrillas. He is celebrated for what is known as Morgan's raid, in which, crossing-the Ohio, he dashed through southern Indiana and Ohio, but was captured while recrossing the river, and confined in the Ohio penitentiary. After his escape he led another raid into Tennessee, but was surprised and killed at Greenville, Tenn., Sept. 4, 1864.

Morgan, John Pierpont, an American financier, was born at Hartford, Conn., April

17, 1837. He was educated at the high school in Boston and the University of Göttingen, Germany. He began his career as a banker in 1857 in New York City; and in i860 was j appointed the ' American agent of the London firm of George Peabody and Company. In 1864 he became one of the firm of Dabney, Morgan and Company; and in 1871 he became a partner of the Drexels. He took a lively interest in railroad management, being director in a number of roads and active in the reorganization and development of lines that had failed in other hands. In 1895 he successfully conducted a syndicate formed for the purchase of United States four per cent, bonds. Mr. Morgan became director in no less than 23 railroad companies by 1900, and it was through his efforts that the great steel-manufacturing interests of the country were combined into a company having a capital of $1,100,000,000. In 1901 he purchased three lines of ocean-steamers, and at present he is engaged in the largest financial transactions which have ever been entered into by private individuals. He has been a generous contributor to the New York Protestant Episcopal Cathedral of St. John the Divine as well as to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Morgan, John Tyler, an American soldier and statesman, was born at Athens,

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pierpont morgan

Tenn., June 20, 1824; emigrated to Alabama in 1833; was admitted to the bar in 1845; became a delegate to the Alabama secession convention in 1861; joined the Confederate army in 1861; and, passing through all grades from private upward, was made brigadier-general in 1863 and served to the close of the struggle. In 1877 he was elected to the United States senate. In 1892 he was appointed arbitrator on the Bering Sea fisheries by President Harrison. In 1898 he was appointed by President McKinley one of the commissioners to organize a territorial government in Hawaii. He died on June 11, 1907.

Morgarten (mor'gar't'n), a mountain on the border of Lake Egeri in Switzerland, near which 1,400 Swiss from Schwyz, Uri and Unterwalden won a great victory over 15,000 Austrians, Nov. 15, 1315.

M'ori'ah, Mount, a hill in Palestine, forming a part of the site of Jerusalem. Solomon's temple was built upon it, and at its foot, in the valley of Jehoshaphat, is the Virgin's Fountain, an intermittent spring from which the water flows through an aqueduct cut into the mountain into the Pool of Siloam. When the temple was destroyed at the taking of Jerusalem, Mount Moriah was literally plowed over. It is the site of the great mosque of Jerusalem, which occupies about one seventh of the present city.

Mor'ley, John, an English statesman and writer, was born at Blackburn, Lancashire, Dec. 24, 1838, and was educated at Oxford. He chose literature as a profession, writing Edmund Burke, Walpole, Rousseau, Voltaire, Richard Cobden, an essay on Compromise and Critical Miscellanies among other works, and editing from 1867 to 1882 the Fortnightly Review. He also was editor of the English Men of Letters Series. From 1880 to 1883 he edited the Pall Mall Gazette. In 1880 he entered Parliament as a Liberal, where his speeches in favor of home rule, as well as his newspaper articles, did much to influence public opinion. In 1886 he was Irish secretary for a short time. He supported Gladstone in 1890, and from 1892 to 1895 was secretary for Ireland. He is popular as a public speaker; and opposed the Salisbury government in undertaking the Boer War. His later works embrace Oliver Cromwell and William Ewart Gladstone, besides Studies in Literature. In 1907

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viscount morley