QUEBEC

1573            QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS

all those daring expeditions of traders and missionaries up the Ottawa, to Georgian Bay, to the headwaters of the Mississippi and elsewhere into the unexplored land of the forest, the iurbearing animal and the Indian.

The province is governed by a lieutenant-governor, who is appointed by the governor-general, an executive council, consisting of 24 members appointed for life, and a legislative assembly of 74 members, elected every four years. The seat of the local government is Quebec. The province is represented in the Dominion senate at Ottawa by 24 members and in the house of commons by 65 members. The principal city is Montreal, the commercial metropolis of the Dominion. Quebec, the next city in importance, is the

seat of local government and the most historic city in Canada. Se,e Quebec, Past and Present, by Sir J. M. Lemoine; Picturesque Quebec; Sketch of, the Province by Honoré Mercier; and Cassell's Picturesque Canada, edited by Principal Grant.

Quebec, capital of the province of that name, stands on a steep promontory of the St. Lawrence at its junction with St. Charles River, 300 miles from the Gulf of St. Lawrence and 180 below Montreal. Quebec is the most important military position in Canada. The citadel occupies an area of 40 acres and commands a magnificent view. The harbor is spacious, and the docks and tidal basin are perfect specimens of engineering skill. The city is divided into an upper and a lower town.

In the latter are the banks, warehouses and stores. In the upper town are the principal residences, public buildings, churches, gardens and retail shops. Toward the west are the thriving suburbs of St. John, St. Louis and St. Roch's. The last has become a place of commercial importance, with immense warehouses and stores. To the southwest of St. John are the Plains of Abraham, the historic battlefield, where a column 40 feet in height has been erected to the memory of General Wolfe. Another monument, 65 feet hig1 , d dicated to Wolfe and Montcalm, is in the governor's garden and immediately overlooks the St. Law-ence. Four martello-towers occupy elevated positions. In the upper town is Dufferin Terrace, 1,400 feet long and 200 feet above

the water, commanding a noble ! iew. Three handsome modern gates have replaced the old gates. The principal buildings are the courthouse, postorhce, custom-house, city-hall, masonic hall, basilica, archepiscopal palace, Anglican cathedral, Church Hall, Young Men's Christian Association building and the parliamentary and department buildings. Quebec is connected with all cities in America by lines of railroad, and on the St. Lawrence is, with Montreal, at the head of ocean-steamship navigation to Europe. Population 68,840. Consult G. Mercer Adam's Illustrated Quebec.

Queen Char'lotte Islands, a group north of Vancouver Island, off British Columbia. Area 5,100 square miles. The two principal islands, Graham and Moresby,

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