QUEEN CHARLOTTE SOUND               1574

QUILLER-COUCH

have a length of 160 and a greatest breadth of nearly 70 miles. The climate is healthy, but very rainy. Anthracite, copper, iron-ore and gold-bearing quartz have been found, and forests abound. The inhabitants are about 1,000 Indians, who engage in fishing.

Queen Charlotte Sound is a strait separating Vancouver Island, B. C, Canada, on the north, from the mainland.

Queens'land. See Australia.

Queens'towh, a seaport of Ireland, on the south side of Great Island, in the harbor of Cork, 177 miles southeast of Dublin. Its original name was Cove of Cork; the present name is in memory of the visit of Queen Victoria in 1849. The-town is built in parallel streets on the slopes of a hill shaped like an amphitheater. It is noted for its mild

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and healthful climate. The splendid Roman Catholic cathedral for the Cloyne diocese is the principal building. Queenstown is an important port of call, the mails from the United States being landed here and sent overland to Dublin. Population 9,590, See Harper's Magazine, September, 1884.

Quere'taro {kă-ră't-ro), one of the inland states of Mexico with a city of the same name, is on a high plateau, 120 miles northwest of Mexico City and 350 from Vera Cruz. The area of the state is 3,556 square miles, with a population of 232,389. The population of the city, its capital, is 33,152. The town was taken by the Spanish from the Chichimec Indians in 1531. Here in 1867, Maximilian, Archduke of Austria and Emperor of Mexico, made his last stand, and here he was shot. The town is an important manufacturing center, and near it are some rich mines of silver, lead, iron and copper. The chief products, however, are maize, fruit and cotton, There are some fine public buildings and a church (that of Santa Clara), noted for its beautiful wood-carvings.

Quern (kwrn), a mill used in early times for grinding corn, the stone of which was turned by hand. It is a contrivance of great antiquity, and so well-adapted to the wants of a primitive people that we find it at the present day in remote districts of Ireland and in some, parts of the Hebrides

and Shetlands. The remains of querns have been dug up in Britain, Ireland and continental Europe wherever the traces of ancient population are found. The most usual form consists of two circular, fiat stones, the upper one pierced in the center with a narrow funnel and revolving on a wooden or metal pin inserted in the lower. The upper stone is occasionally ornamented with various devices; in the Roman period it sometimes was funnel-shaped, with grooves radiating from the center. In using the quern the grain was dropped with one hand into the central opening, while with the other the upper stone was revolved by means of a stick inserted in a small opening near the edge.

Quick'sand (quick, i. e. living or moving sand), a tract of sand which, without differing much in appearance from the shore of which it forms a part, remains permanently saturated with water to such an extent that it cannot support any weight. Quicksands are m.st often found near the mouths of large rivers. Th y appear to be formed only on flat s' ores, the layer of earth under the sand being stiff clay, which water cannot pass through; and in narrow channels, through which the adjoining shore from its shape causes strong tidal currents to run, the sand may be k pt so constantly stirred up by the moving water that a quicksand results. Quicksands are not commonly of great extent, and their danger has probably been exaggerated in the popular mind by sensational descriptions in works of fiction, as in the Bride of Lam-mermoor and in Moonstone.

Quick'sil'ver. See Mercury.

Quil'ler-Couch', A. T., English novelist, essayist and literary critic, was born in Cornwall in 1863, and early in his career was a classical lecturer at Trinity College, Oxford (188Ŏ-7). For the next ten years he was on the staff of The Speaker (London) or connected with it as a contributor. Some of his essays and reviews in The Speaker and elsewhere will be found in a collection under the title of Adventures in Criticism (1896). About ten ye^rs earlier he devoted himself to the writing of fiction, many of the'characters in his novels, together with much of th : scenery and traditions of his native county, treating of Cornwall. Among his novels are Dead Man's Rock; Troy Town; The Mayor of Troy; The Splendid Spur; The Delectable Duchy; The Ship of Stars; Old Fires and Profitable Ghosts; The Adventures of Harry Revel; Hetty Wesley; and Sir John Constantine. In 1904 he published Fort Amity, a story which treats of the stormy days of war with France in Canada. Besides completing Stevenson's unfinished romance of St. Ives and writing a monograph on George Eliot, Mr. Quiller-Couch has issued delightful verses and parodies under the title of