QUIN                                                           1575                                                      QUINCY

Green Bays, with Poems and Ballads and many charming short stories.

Quin, James, a celebrated actor of Irish descent, was born at London in 1693, and made his first appearance on the stage at Dublin in 1714. Shortly after, he was engaged at Drury Lane, London, but for quite inferior parts. In 1716, however, the sudden illness of a leading actor led to Quin being called to take the character of Bajazet in the once-famous play of Tamerlane. His success was marked. Next year he went to Rich's Theater at Lincoln's Inn Fields, where he remained as a principal actor for 17 years. The only really fine parts which he seems to have played were Captain Mc-Heath in the Beggar's Opera and Falstaff in The Merry Wives of Windsor. In 1734 he returned to Drury Lane Theater "on such terms," says Cibber, "as no hired actor had before received;" and from this date until the appearance of Garrick in 1741 he was by universal consent the first actor in England. He died at Bath, Jan. 21, 1766.

Quince, the fruit of a species of Pirus (P. cydonia), a member of the rose family.

The species is sometimes regarded as entitled to separate, generic rank, and is then called Cydonia vulgaris. It is said to be a native of northern Persia, but is naturalized through the northern hemisphere. There are only three principal varieties in cultivation : Those in which the fruit is apple-shaped ; those in which it is pear-shaped; and the so-called Portugal quince, which has very large fruit.

Quin'cy, 111., the third city in Illinois and county-seat of Adams County, is on the Mississippi, and was founded in 1822. It has steadily grown into a manufacturing city of considerable importance. Among the many manufactured articles are stoves, farm implements, incubators, metallic wheels, stationary engines, engine supplies, furniture, clothing, carriages, paving and building brick, lumber and lime. In addition to several railroad lines, the city has river transportation. The public institutions include a free library of 22,000 volumes, a fine courthouse, soldiers' and sailors' home, hospitals, churches, Federal building and many beautiful parks. The city has 13 public-school buildings with an enrollment of 5,000, 12 parochial schools with an enrollment of 2,500, two large business-colleges and several private schools. The city is noted for beautiful shade-trees, paved streets and healthful sit-

| uation on a bluff above the river. Population 36,587-

Quincy, Mass., an historic city and seaport of Norfolk County, on Quincy Bay, is separated from Boston by Neponset River on the north and from Weymouth by Fore River on the south. It is on the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and the Old Colony Street Railway. It is noted for its granite, and for this reason is sometimes called the Granite City. Other important industries are shipbuilding, rivets and studs, gears, a foundry, translucent fabrics and many minor industries. Besides an excellent system of public schools there are Adams Academy (a secondary school for boys founded by President John Adams), Woodward Institute (a secondary school for girls), Quincy Mansion School (a girls' boarding-school), Thomas Crane Library

, (public), a city-hospital and other civic and social institutions. Quincy is often called the City of Presidents, as it is the place of birth, residence and burial of John Adams and John Quincy Adams. It also is the birthplace of John Hancock. Population 32,642.

Quincy, Josiah, an American lawyer, was born at Boston, Feb. 23, 1744, and died at sea, off Gloucester, Mass., April 26, 1775. After graduating at Harvard in 1763, he studied law. He took a strong stand against the oppressions of the parliament of the mother-country and its violations of the rights of the colonists, and his name is associated with those of James Otis and Joseph Warren as men who had most influence in bringing about the Revolution. Although Quincy had a slender frame and ill-health, his gift of oratory, heightened by a voice of rare beauty and compass and an impassioned and graceful delivery, had great weight in public assemblies. When Captain Prescott and the soldiers who fired on the people in the Boston massacre of March 5, 1770, were arrested, Josiah Quincy and John Adams were applied to in their behalf to act as their counsel, and, although they earned great reproach by doing so, the acquittal of the prisoners on trial the next autumn justified their course. In May, 1774, he published his chief political work: Observations on the Boston Port Bill, with Thoughts on Civil Government and Standing Armies. In September, 1774, he went to England on a private mission for the popular cause, as also for his health. This visit excited much notice in London. He had interviews with Lords North and Dartmouth at their own request, had intercourse with Dr. Franklin and other friends constantly, and received the most bitter personal abuse from Lord Hillsborough. He returned early in the spring, against the advice of his physician, and died just before arriving. Almost his last words were

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QUINCE