REINECKE                                                1600                                                   RÉMUSAT

as the hoofs, are used in removing snow from their food, which, in the winter, is a lichen called reindeer-moss. Reindeer yield good milk, and supply material for clothing, and in cold countries fill the place of horse, cow, goat and sheep. They are able to draw about 300 pounds, over the frozen snow, at nine or ten miles an hour. In much of Lapland and Siberia the land would be practically uninhabitable without them. They have long been domesticated in Lapland and Scandinavia. Some time ago the United States established stations in Alaska to promote the propagation of the reindeer and instruct the natives in their care and breeding; in 1889 the first small herd was brought from Siberia for the experiment; thereafter for several years herds were annually imported. See Deer. Reinecke (ri'nek-e), Karl, distinguished German composer, conductor and pianist, was born at Altona, June 23, 1824. He has been professor of the piano and of counterpoint in the Conservatory of Cologne, director of music in the University of Breslau and, for many years, conductor at the Gewandhaus, Leipsic, and director of the conservatory. His best works are for the piano, although his orchestral compositions and his cantatas and children's songs are deservedly popular.

Rembrandt (rĕm'brãnt), Hermanzoon, commonly called Rembrandt van Rhyn,

was born at Ley-den, Holland, July 15, 1607. After attending the Latin school at Leyden and studying art under Peter Last-man at Amsterdam and under Jacob Pinas at Haarlem, he returned home and devoted himself * to the study of nature. About 1630 he was encouraged to establish himself at Amsterdam, where he soon entered on a most successful career and executed numerous works, including those wondrous etchings, between three and four hundred in number, which have done almost as much as his paintings to give him so high and extended a reputation. Rembrandt's power and originality are exemplified in almost every branch of art, and as examples of composition, expression, color, light and shade his works rank with those of the greatest artists. He died at Amsterdam, Oct. 8, 1669.

Remen'yi, Eduard, a distinguished Hungarian violinist, was born in 1830 at Heves. Being obliged to flee because he took part

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in the Revolution of 1848, he came to America, but returned to Europe shortly after, and earned great fame by his skill as a performer on the violin.

Rem'ington, Frederick, American artist, illustrator, sculptor and author, was born in St. Lawrence County, N. Y., Oct. 4, 1861. He early studied at Yale Art School and at the Art Students' League of New York, after which he led the life of a cowboy and stockman on a ranch in Montana and Wyoming, where' he became notable as an animal painter and illustrator of western scenes and modes of life on the plains. He subsequently came into note as an illustrator for magazines, treating of military subjects and of ranching life and, after the Spanish-American War, of Cuban scenes and characteristics. His chief canvases [and best-known paintings are A Dash for the Timber, The Last Stand, Past all Surgery, The Last Lull in the Fight and Conjuring the Buffalo Back. Among his leading works in sculpture are The Broncho Buster and The Wounded Bunkie. He is the author of Pony Tracks, Crooked Trails and Frontier Sketches.

Rémora (rĕm'6-ră), a sucking fish with an oval suctional disc on the upper surface of the head. By means of the sucker they attach themselves to sharks, turtles and even ships. They are found in warm seas and along the Atlantic coast north to New York. They are commonly exhibited in salt-water aquaria

Rem'sen, Ira, distinguished American chemist and educator and successor to Dr. D. C. Gilman as president of Johns Hopkins University, was born at New York, Feb. 10, 1846. After graduating in 1865 from the College of the City of New York and in 1867 from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, he attended the Universities of Munich and Göttingen and for a time (1870-72) was assistant in chemistry at Tubingen. On his return to the United States he was professor of chemistry at Williams College, and in 1876 accepted the same post at Johns Hopkins. Besides his educational and administrative work and his researches in chemistry, he has written a number of treatises on theoretical and on organic chemistry. On the resignation of Près. Gilrnan (q. v.) Dr. Remsen was chosen president. V_y

Remusat {ra'mu'zà'), Charles Francois, a French politician and philosopher, 'was born at Paris, March 14, 1797, and studied with brilliant success at the Lycée Napoleon. On the establishment of the Globe in 1824, Rémusat became one of its contributors. He was exiled after the coup d'état of Napoleon III in 1851,' but afterwards received permission to return. He devoted himself to literary and scientific pursuits till 1871, when President Thiers called him to the portfolio of foreign affairs, a posi-